Replacing Fork Seals
After watching buldogs rebuild and hearing the horror stories from others about flying parts, I figured there has to be a better way.
I suggest having a manual handy for rerference and visial aid, Clymer" is what I use.
STUFF YOU WILL NEED
1 Litre of 15w Fork Oil (it is enough for both forks)
2 Fork Oil Seals
2 Fork Dust Seals
2 cap retaining rings
6mm Allen Wrench Preferably 6mm Allen for 3/8 ratchet
24 oz. or 600 ml. clear measuring cup
Dental pic or pic set
2 Foot length of 1-1/2" PCV pipe ENDS MUST BE SQUARE (to drive seals in place)
4 Foot piece of 3/16" dow rod or cleaning rods from a shotgun/rifle cleaning kit
1 roll of shop or paper towels
latex or nitrile gloves
Bearing grease or vaseline
1 quart mineral spirits
1) Place bike on center stand
2) Break loose the 6mm Allen bolt at the very bottom of the outer fork tube. "do not remove just break free" do the same for the axle nut, pinch bolt, caliper bolts.
3) Place a piece of wood and jack under the front of the engine and raise the wheel about 1" off the ground.
4) Remove both calipers
5) Remove the axle pinch bolt and axle, slide wheel foreward then remove the speedo drive from the wheel.
6) Place several layers of newspaper and drain tub under the forks.
7) Remove the 6mm allen bolt from the bottom of the forks and drain plug at the lower rear.
8) Remove the fender and slowly push the lower tube upward a couple times to pump out the fluid.
9) Use a screwdriver and hammer to remove the fork dust seal, slide seal up to the lower tree.
10) Use dental pick or small screwdriver to remove the retaing ring above the oil seal in the outer tube.
11) Grab the outer tube and slide all the way up, using a couple of downward blows the oil seal will seperate from the outer tube.
12) In the bottom of the outer tube there are three parts, (the ones that go flying with other methods) place some paper towels on your bench or floor and turn tube upside down to get the parts.
13) Turn tubes upside down on paper towels and let drain.
14) remove the cap at the top of the forks
15) Use a 10mm socket, extension and ratchet to press down on the fork cap and remove the retaining ring with a dental pick. The cap is under a little spring pressure so lift up slowly.
16) Remove the spacer tube that is under the fork cap.
17) loosen the upper and lower triple clamp bolts and remove the fork tube.
18) Remove both seals from the inner tube, then remove the washer and slider bushing. (leave the fork bushing on the fork tube)
19) There are five parts inside the inner tube (damper rod, damper rod piston, rebound spring, fork spring and fork spring seat "washer") turn tube upside down on some paper towels and newspaper, then remove the fork spring seat, fork spring, damper rod and spring. "they will come out in this order, leave the damper rod piston attached to the damper rod"
20) Time to thoroughly clean both tubes, damper rod, and the three valve parts that were in the bottom outer tube, the other parts just wipe clean.
21) For the tubes, wad up a couple paper towels and place inside the tube, pour in a little mineral spirits (to soak the towels) push down with a broom handle and back up with the dow rod. Do this a couple times wet and then with dry towles until clean. "use new towles each time"
After all parts are clean we can now begin to assemble.
1) Slide the small rebound spring inside the inner tube, use a small amount of fork oil to lube the damper rod piston and slide the damper all the way down the tube.
2) Install the long fork spring, spring seat "washer" and spacer tube into the inner tube. Use a couple of pieces of duct tape and press the spacer tube even with the fork tube and tape in place.
3) Place newspaper on bench or counter and lay the fork tube in it's side on the paper.
4) Use a little bit of grease on the oil lock piece "tapered end" and slide on the damper rod.
5) Take the spring "tapered side" and press on the valve, put a little grease on the flat side of valve and install in the oil lock piece.
6) Take the outer tube "slider" and install the small drain bolt then slide over the the damper rod and inner tube until it hits bottom.
7) After you have cleaned and dried the 6mm Allen bolt apply blue Loctite and install bolt to proper torque specs. I use an impact gun for this, you made need to use a vise or an extra pair of hands. If using a vise take every precaution not to damage the inner tube surface.
8) Remove the tape from the top of the tube and apply some fork oil to the inner fork tube and slide the "brass" outer fork bushing and washer down the fork tube.
9) Apply some fork oil on the inner wipers of the Fork Oil Seal and some extra oil at the top of the fork seal. You can use a piece of sandwich bag at the top of the fork tube and then slide down the seal or slide the seal without it. Make sure the small groove is facing up and the large groove on the seal is facing down.
10) Make sure your piece of PVC pipe is clean and slide down on top of the oil seal. put a piece of cardboard on the floor and set the fork on top of it. Use the flat side of your hammer or 2lb hammer and press the seal into place.
11) Install the retaining ring, make sure it is seated.
12) Slide the fork dust seal down and repeat above process for oil seal.
13) Clean and dry the inner fork tube and install back into the triple trees and tighten bolts to spec.
14) Take your measuring cup and mark 12.5 oz with a piece of tape. ( 1/2 inch will do) Pour in fork oil until it reaches the tape. Air bubbles should be above the bottom of the tape line.
15) Install funnel into the top of the fork tube, slowly pour oil into fork, once oil is out of the measuring cup continue to hold and count to 30. 1 1000, 2 1000 and so on. With the residual oil in the cup and funnel this will give you the correct amount of oil. MAKE SURE YOU CLEAN AND DRY THE CUP AND FUNNEL and repeat process for the other fork to ensure the same amount of oil.
16) Install the fork cap and NEW retaining ring and chrome cap.
17) Install the fender, speedo drive, spacer, wheel, axle, pinch bolt, and brake calipers and tighten to SPEC.
85 VN700 "Old Yella"
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Last edited by lance328; 06-28-2010 at 02:19 AM.